GMV Successfully Completes Ground Testing of MIRROR Space Robotics Project

GMV Successfully Completes Ground Testing of MIRROR Space Robotics Project

Recently, the ground testing and validation phase of the Multi-arm Installation Robot for Readying ORUs and Reflectors (MIRROR) was completed at GMV's robotics laboratory, Platform-art. The MIRROR project, led by GMV for the European Space Agency, aims to design a robotic in-orbit servicing system capable of assembling, repairing, maintaining, and upgrading satellites in orbit for a wide range of operational missions. 

Space robotics projects such as this one are key to the future of the industry, as they seek to develop mechanisms for building large structures in orbit (e.g. telescope reflectors and solar power generation facilities) and to enable sustainable space management through satellite repair and upgrades.

In the initial project phases, GMV defined the manufacturing, assembly, and integration requirements. In the most recent phase, it developed a test bench and validated a prototype of the state-of-the-art robotic platform in a laboratory setting (on the ground). The tests were successful, demonstrating the viability of the concept, which would allow a new development phase to begin to demonstrate the same operations in real Earth orbit tests.

The platform designed by GMV is an autonomous robot with three arms that it uses to both handle and assemble structural modules and maneuver around the structure it is assembling while transporting a module to its assembly point. This unique feature will allow it to assemble large structures of any size.

MIRROR is also equipped with a precise vision system consisting of cameras installed near the grippers on each of its arms, and image processing algorithms. In addition to handling modules and moving around, its three arms allow it to receive power, communicate, and use assembly tools.

As part of the MIRROR project, GMV also developed a solution to automate the entire assembly process. This advanced subsystem enables the control system itself to move and assemble modules despite uncertainty in the position of gripping points, and even detect errors and repeat operations if they occur. The project also includes a control center with which operators can command the robot at different levels of autonomy.

All these features make MIRROR a very versatile system, capable of opening the door to new applications in which there is growing interest from major space agencies and the wider aerospace industry. Examples include orbiting photovoltaic solar panels to generate electricity for use on the ground, large telescopes to peer deeper into the cosmos, and even large orbiting telecommunications platforms.

Click here to learn about GMV's Robotics Solutions and Autonomous Systems.

Publisher: SatNow
Tags:-  SatelliteSolar PanelsGround

GNSS Constellations - A list of all GNSS satellites by constellations


Satellite NameOrbit Date
BeiDou-3 G4Geostationary Orbit (GEO)17 May, 2023
BeiDou-3 G2Geostationary Orbit (GEO)09 Mar, 2020
Compass-IGSO7Inclined Geosynchronous Orbit (IGSO)09 Feb, 2020
BeiDou-3 M19Medium Earth Orbit (MEO)16 Dec, 2019
BeiDou-3 M20Medium Earth Orbit (MEO)16 Dec, 2019
BeiDou-3 M21Medium Earth Orbit (MEO)23 Nov, 2019
BeiDou-3 M22Medium Earth Orbit (MEO)23 Nov, 2019
BeiDou-3 I3Inclined Geosynchronous Orbit (IGSO)04 Nov, 2019
BeiDou-3 M23Medium Earth Orbit (MEO)22 Sep, 2019
BeiDou-3 M24Medium Earth Orbit (MEO)22 Sep, 2019


Satellite NameOrbit Date
GSAT0223MEO - Near-Circular05 Dec, 2021
GSAT0224MEO - Near-Circular05 Dec, 2021
GSAT0219MEO - Near-Circular25 Jul, 2018
GSAT0220MEO - Near-Circular25 Jul, 2018
GSAT0221MEO - Near-Circular25 Jul, 2018
GSAT0222MEO - Near-Circular25 Jul, 2018
GSAT0215MEO - Near-Circular12 Dec, 2017
GSAT0216MEO - Near-Circular12 Dec, 2017
GSAT0217MEO - Near-Circular12 Dec, 2017
GSAT0218MEO - Near-Circular12 Dec, 2017


Satellite NameOrbit Date
Kosmos 2569--07 Aug, 2023
Kosmos 2564--28 Nov, 2022
Kosmos 2559--10 Oct, 2022
Kosmos 2557--07 Jul, 2022
Kosmos 2547--25 Oct, 2020
Kosmos 2545--16 Mar, 2020
Kosmos 2544--11 Dec, 2019
Kosmos 2534--27 May, 2019
Kosmos 2529--03 Nov, 2018
Kosmos 2527--16 Jun, 2018


Satellite NameOrbit Date
Navstar 82Medium Earth Orbit19 Jan, 2023
Navstar 81Medium Earth Orbit17 Jun, 2021
Navstar 78Medium Earth Orbit22 Aug, 2019
Navstar 77Medium Earth Orbit23 Dec, 2018
Navstar 76Medium Earth Orbit05 Feb, 2016
Navstar 75Medium Earth Orbit31 Oct, 2015
Navstar 74Medium Earth Orbit15 Jul, 2015
Navstar 73Medium Earth Orbit25 Mar, 2015
Navstar 72Medium Earth Orbit29 Oct, 2014
Navstar 71Medium Earth Orbit02 Aug, 2014


Satellite NameOrbit Date
NVS-01Geostationary Orbit (GEO)29 May, 2023
IRNSS-1IInclined Geosynchronous Orbit (IGSO)12 Apr, 2018
IRNSS-1HSub Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (Sub-GTO)31 Aug, 2017
IRNSS-1GGeostationary Orbit (GEO)28 Apr, 2016
IRNSS-1FGeostationary Orbit (GEO)10 Mar, 2016
IRNSS-1EGeosynchronous Orbit (IGSO)20 Jan, 2016
IRNSS-1DInclined Geosynchronous Orbit (IGSO)28 Mar, 2015
IRNSS-1CGeostationary Orbit (GEO)16 Oct, 2014
IRNSS-1BInclined Geosynchronous Orbit (IGSO)04 Apr, 2014
IRNSS-1AInclined Geosynchronous Orbit (IGSO)01 Jul, 2013