What are the the Different Types of Launch Vehicles used in Space?

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Sep 21, 2022

Launch vehicles or carrier rockets are classified mainly based on the weight of the payload which they carry.

Small-lift launch Vehicles: A small-lift launch vehicle is an orbital launch vehicle that is capable of lifting 2,000 kg (4,400 lb) of payload into Low earth orbit (LEO). Examples of small lift launch vehicles are Sputnik & Vega.

Medium lift launch Vehicles: A Medium lift launch vehicle is an orbital launch vehicle that is capable of lifting from 2,000 kg (4,400 lb) to 20,000kg (44,100 lbs) of payload into Low earth orbit (LEO). Examples of the medium lift launch vehicles are Saturn 1 & PSLV.

Heavy lift launch Vehicles: A Heavy lift launch vehicle is an orbital launch vehicle that is capable of lifting 20,000 kg (44,400 lb) to 50,000 kg (110,000 lbs)of payload into Low earth orbit (LEO). Examples of the heavy lift launch vehicles are Arianne 5 & Delta IV Heavy.

Super-Heavy lift launch Vehicles: A Super-Heavy lift launch vehicle is an orbital launch vehicle that is capable of lifting more than 50,000 kg (110,000 lbs) of payload into Low earth orbit (LEO). Examples of the super heavy lift launch vehicles are Saturn 5 & Falcon Heavy.

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Space Missions - A list of all Space Missions

esa

Name Date
Altius 01 May, 2025
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Eutelsat Quantum 30 Jul, 2021
Sentinel 6 21 Nov, 2020
Cheops 18 Dec, 2019
EDRS 06 Aug, 2019
BepiColombo 20 Oct, 2018
Aeolus 22 Aug, 2018
Sentinel 3B 25 Apr, 2018
Sentinel 5 13 Oct, 2017

isro

Name Date
INSAT-3DS 17 Feb, 2024
XPoSat 01 Jan, 2024
Aditya-L1 02 Sep, 2023
DS-SAR 30 Jul, 2023
Chandrayaan-3 14 Jul, 2023
NVS-01 29 May, 2023
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EOS-07 10 Feb, 2023
EOS-06 26 Nov, 2022

jaxa

Name Date
XRISM 07 Sep, 2023
SLIM 07 Sep, 2023
ALOS-3 07 Mar, 2023
ISTD-3 07 Oct, 2022
HTV9 21 May, 2020
HTV8 25 Sep, 2019
HTV7 23 Sep, 2018
HTV6 09 Dec, 2016
HTV5 19 Aug, 2015
HTV4 04 Aug, 2013

nasa

Name Date
NEO Surveyor 01 Jun, 2028
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DSOC 13 Oct, 2023
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STARLING 18 Jul, 2023