Astrobotic Announces LunaGrid, a Commercial Power Service for the Poles of the Moon

Astrobotic Announces LunaGrid, a Commercial Power Service for the Poles of the Moon

At the 73rd International Astronautical Congress in Paris, Astrobotic announced LunaGrid, a commercial power service for the poles of the Moon. LunaGrid is a power generation and distribution service that will deliver power by the watt to landers, rovers, habitats, science suites, and other lunar surface systems. The service will enable space agencies’, companies’, and nonprofits’ systems to survive the lunar night and operate indefinitely on the Moon starting at the lunar south pole.

The world’s collective ambitions for the Moon hinge on the establishment of reliable electrical power. Astronaut habitats, in-situ resource utilization systems, communication networks, long-distance rover mobility, far-side observatories, and commercial business plans all require substantial, uninterrupted power. Without power, most operations will be limited to just one lunar day (14 Earth days), as the lunar night induces untenably cold conditions (as low as -220 degrees C). To address this challenge and open the Moon to multi-year human and robotic operations, LunaGrid will supply power to systems for lunar night survival and multi-year operations.

LunaGrid is a culmination of systems under development now at Astrobotic. It makes use of the company’s landers, rovers, and wireless chargers as well as its Vertical Solar Array Technology (VSAT), which is in development at Astrobotic in concert with NASA’s Space Technology Mission Directorate. Astrobotic was awarded a follow-on $6.2 million contract by NASA in August to further advance its VSAT systems.

The first deployment of the LunaGrid system will integrate a VSAT onto an Astrobotic lunar lander and fly to the Moon on a single launch vehicle. Upon landing, the lander will deploy its VSAT to begin generating solar power. Power from the VSAT will be distributed by wireless chargers and tethered CubeRovers, which act as mobile power outlets for customers on the Moon by bringing VSAT-generated power to surface assets. Each VSAT will include the transformers and power management systems needed to extend power capabilities beyond the VSAT itself and into a fully-fledged power grid.

“Over the last 15 years, we’ve come to appreciate that power on the Moon is everything,” said Astrobotic CEO, John Thornton. “By leveraging existing technologies already under development at Astrobotic, we can bring a much-needed power service to the Moon in short order." Solar power is affordable, commercially friendly, technically mature, and deployable now. "LunaGrid's solar-based system offers the world the fastest, most economical means of establishing a sustained lunar presence with no policy hurdles.”

Astrobotic plans to begin deploying and demonstrating LunaGrid elements as early as 2026, with the goal of having the first operational LunaGrid by 2028 at the lunar south pole. With LunaGrid power service available, a host of science, exploration, and commercial activities can begin to operate on a sustained and continuous basis. Astrobotic plans to provide power to NASA’s Artemis program, decadal-class science missions, CLPS missions, international space agency missions, and commercial businesses. LunaGrid systems can be placed at multiple locations at the poles of the Moon and, by incorporating additional VSATs and other power sources over time, can be scaled to increase future service coverage.

“LunaGrid is the next step in lunar development for our customers." "Astrobotic delivers kilograms to the Moon via our landers, drives kilograms across the lunar surface via our rovers, and now provides watts on the Moon via LunaGrid,” added Thornton.

Click here to learn about Astrobotic Lunar Surface Power.

Publisher: SatNow

GNSS Constellations - A list of all GNSS satellites by constellations


Satellite NameOrbit Date
BeiDou-3 G4Geostationary Orbit (GEO)17 May, 2023
BeiDou-3 G2Geostationary Orbit (GEO)09 Mar, 2020
Compass-IGSO7Inclined Geosynchronous Orbit (IGSO)09 Feb, 2020
BeiDou-3 M19Medium Earth Orbit (MEO)16 Dec, 2019
BeiDou-3 M20Medium Earth Orbit (MEO)16 Dec, 2019
BeiDou-3 M21Medium Earth Orbit (MEO)23 Nov, 2019
BeiDou-3 M22Medium Earth Orbit (MEO)23 Nov, 2019
BeiDou-3 I3Inclined Geosynchronous Orbit (IGSO)04 Nov, 2019
BeiDou-3 M23Medium Earth Orbit (MEO)22 Sep, 2019
BeiDou-3 M24Medium Earth Orbit (MEO)22 Sep, 2019


Satellite NameOrbit Date
GSAT0223MEO - Near-Circular05 Dec, 2021
GSAT0224MEO - Near-Circular05 Dec, 2021
GSAT0219MEO - Near-Circular25 Jul, 2018
GSAT0220MEO - Near-Circular25 Jul, 2018
GSAT0221MEO - Near-Circular25 Jul, 2018
GSAT0222MEO - Near-Circular25 Jul, 2018
GSAT0215MEO - Near-Circular12 Dec, 2017
GSAT0216MEO - Near-Circular12 Dec, 2017
GSAT0217MEO - Near-Circular12 Dec, 2017
GSAT0218MEO - Near-Circular12 Dec, 2017


Satellite NameOrbit Date
Kosmos 2569--07 Aug, 2023
Kosmos 2564--28 Nov, 2022
Kosmos 2559--10 Oct, 2022
Kosmos 2557--07 Jul, 2022
Kosmos 2547--25 Oct, 2020
Kosmos 2545--16 Mar, 2020
Kosmos 2544--11 Dec, 2019
Kosmos 2534--27 May, 2019
Kosmos 2529--03 Nov, 2018
Kosmos 2527--16 Jun, 2018


Satellite NameOrbit Date
Navstar 82Medium Earth Orbit19 Jan, 2023
Navstar 81Medium Earth Orbit17 Jun, 2021
Navstar 78Medium Earth Orbit22 Aug, 2019
Navstar 77Medium Earth Orbit23 Dec, 2018
Navstar 76Medium Earth Orbit05 Feb, 2016
Navstar 75Medium Earth Orbit31 Oct, 2015
Navstar 74Medium Earth Orbit15 Jul, 2015
Navstar 73Medium Earth Orbit25 Mar, 2015
Navstar 72Medium Earth Orbit29 Oct, 2014
Navstar 71Medium Earth Orbit02 Aug, 2014


Satellite NameOrbit Date
NVS-01Geostationary Orbit (GEO)29 May, 2023
IRNSS-1IInclined Geosynchronous Orbit (IGSO)12 Apr, 2018
IRNSS-1HSub Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (Sub-GTO)31 Aug, 2017
IRNSS-1GGeostationary Orbit (GEO)28 Apr, 2016
IRNSS-1FGeostationary Orbit (GEO)10 Mar, 2016
IRNSS-1EGeosynchronous Orbit (IGSO)20 Jan, 2016
IRNSS-1DInclined Geosynchronous Orbit (IGSO)28 Mar, 2015
IRNSS-1CGeostationary Orbit (GEO)16 Oct, 2014
IRNSS-1BInclined Geosynchronous Orbit (IGSO)04 Apr, 2014
IRNSS-1AInclined Geosynchronous Orbit (IGSO)01 Jul, 2013