What are the Different Types of Space Standards?

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May 3, 2023

Space standards are guidelines and regulations that define the specifications, dimensions, and requirements for designing and operating equipment, structures, and systems in space. These standards aim to ensure the safety, reliability, and compatibility of space missions and activities, as well as facilitate international cooperation and coordination.

There are various space standards developed by different organizations and agencies, such as NASA, the European Space Agency (ESA), International Organization for Standardization (ISO), and Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems (CCSDS). Some of the most commonly used space standards include:

  • NASA-STD-5019: This standard specifies the requirements for designing and operating human spaceflight systems, including spacecraft, spacesuits, life support systems, and crew interfaces. It covers aspects such as crew safety, environmental control, emergency procedures, and communications.
  • NASA-STD-4005: This standard provides guidelines for the design and testing of spacecraft hardware and software, including avionics, propulsion, power systems, and data handling. It ensures the compatibility and reliability of different subsystems and components.
  • NASA-INST-001: This standard defines the procedures and requirements for the management of electronic data and documents in the context of space missions. It covers aspects such as data acquisition, storage, transmission, and archiving, as well as data quality, security, and privacy.
  • ISO 14624: This standard specifies the requirements for the cleanliness and contamination control of spacecraft and associated hardware. It aims to prevent the accumulation of harmful particles, gases, or microbes that could affect the performance and longevity of space systems.
  • CCSDS 121.0: This standard provides a framework for the exchange of spatial data and information among different space agencies and organisations. It defines the formats, protocols, and procedures for data communication and compatibility.

These space standards have different use cases and applications depending on the specific needs and objectives of space missions and activities. For example, NASA-STD-5019 is essential for ensuring the safety and well-being of human crews in space, while NASA-STD-4005 is critical for the reliability and performance of spacecraft systems. NASA-INST-002 is crucial for the efficient management and sharing of scientific data and findings, while ISO 14624 is vital for the cleanliness and maintenance of spacecraft and equipment.

One notable example of the importance of space standards is the International Space Station (ISS). The ISS is a multinational project involving the United States, Russia, Europe, Japan, and Canada, and it operates under a set of space standards and agreements that ensure safety, compatibility, and cooperation among the participating nations. These standards cover areas such as crew safety, operations, communication, environmental control, and scientific research.

Space standards are essential for the design, operation, and success of space missions and activities. They provide a common language and framework for space agencies and organisations worldwide, enabling them to work together and achieve their goals. By following these standards, space professionals can ensure the safety, reliability, and compatibility of space systems, as well as contribute to the advancement of scientific knowledge and exploration in space. Moreover, these space standards and agreements serve as a model for future space exploration endeavours, as they demonstrate the importance of international cooperation and collaboration in space exploration. As space exploration becomes more widespread, the implementation of these standards and agreements will continue to be essential for the safe and successful exploration of space.

Click here to learn more about NASA-INST-001.

Click here to learn more about NASA-INST-002.

Click here to learn more about NASA-STD-5019.

Click here to learn more about NASA-STD-4005.

Click here to learn more about ISO 14624.

Click here to learn more about CCDS 121.0.


Space Missions - A list of all Space Missions


Name Date
Altius 01 May, 2025
Arctic Weather Satellite (AWS) 01 Mar, 2024
Eutelsat Quantum 30 Jul, 2021
Sentinel 6 21 Nov, 2020
Cheops 18 Dec, 2019
EDRS 06 Aug, 2019
BepiColombo 20 Oct, 2018
Aeolus 22 Aug, 2018
Sentinel 3B 25 Apr, 2018
Sentinel 5 13 Oct, 2017


Name Date
INSAT-3DS 17 Feb, 2024
XPoSat 01 Jan, 2024
Aditya-L1 02 Sep, 2023
DS-SAR 30 Jul, 2023
Chandrayaan-3 14 Jul, 2023
NVS-01 29 May, 2023
TeLEOS-2 22 Apr, 2023
OneWeb India-2 26 Mar, 2023
EOS-07 10 Feb, 2023
EOS-06 26 Nov, 2022


Name Date
XRISM 07 Sep, 2023
SLIM 07 Sep, 2023
ALOS-3 07 Mar, 2023
ISTD-3 07 Oct, 2022
HTV9 21 May, 2020
HTV8 25 Sep, 2019
HTV7 23 Sep, 2018
HTV6 09 Dec, 2016
HTV5 19 Aug, 2015
HTV4 04 Aug, 2013


Name Date
NEO Surveyor 01 Jun, 2028
Libera 01 Dec, 2027
Europa Clipper 10 Oct, 2024
SpaceX CRS-29 09 Nov, 2023
Psyche 13 Oct, 2023
DSOC 13 Oct, 2023
Psyche Asteroid 05 Oct, 2023
Expedition 70 27 Sep, 2023
SpaceX Crew-7 25 Aug, 2023
STARLING 18 Jul, 2023